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Basic Firearms Safety

03 February 2019


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The basic tenet of firearms safety is keeping yourself and those around you safe is your responsibility and must be your number one priority. There are a few acronyms out there related to firearms safety.

Safety begins with these two acronyms A.C.T.S. and P.R.O.V.E.

  • A - Assume that every firearm is loaded.
  • C - Control the muzzle direction at all times.
  • T - Trigger finger must be kept off the trigger until you are ready to fire.
  • S - See that the firearm is unloaded and PROVE that it is safe.


  • P - Point your firearm down range (or in the safest possible direction).
  • R - Remove all cartridges.
  • O - Observe the chamber(s) or cylinder.
  • V - Verify the action or feeding path.
  • E - Examine the bore.

Also to note are the rules of Jeff Cooper, an influential figure in modern firearms training, formalized and popularized “Four Rules” of safe firearm handling.

  • All guns are always loaded.
  • Never let the muzzle cover anything you are not willing to destroy.
  • Keep your finger off the trigger until your sights are on the target.
  • Be sure of your target and what is beyond it.






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