Basic Firearms Safety

Basic Firearms Safety


The basic tenet of firearms safety is keeping yourself and those around you safe is your responsibility and must be your number one priority. There are a few acronyms out there related to firearms safety.

Safety begins with these two acronyms A.C.T.S. and P.R.O.V.E.

  • A - Assume that every firearm is loaded.
  • C - Control the muzzle direction at all times.
  • T - Trigger finger must be kept off the trigger until you are ready to fire.
  • S - See that the firearm is unloaded and PROVE that it is safe.

  • P - Point your firearm down range (or in the safest possible direction).
  • R - Remove all cartridges.
  • O - Observe the chamber(s) or cylinder.
  • V - Verify the action or feeding path.
  • E - Examine the bore.

Also to note are the rules of Jeff Cooper, an influential figure in modern firearms training, formalized and popularized “Four Rules” of safe firearm handling.

  • All guns are always loaded.
  • Never let the muzzle cover anything you are not willing to destroy.
  • Keep your finger off the trigger until your sights are on the target.
  • Be sure of your target and what is beyond it.